Introversion and extraversion are two opposing personality traits related to socializing and social interactions, but are often misunderstood and misinterpreted. Scientists now assume that introversion and extraversion have genetic and biological causes.
Introverts are not shy, they are often described as reserved, withdrawn, and calm or quiet. But this is not entirely correct, this is only their outward appearance. Introverts, as the name suggests, focus on their inner world and workings. Extraverted people get their energy from their environment, from social interactions with other people. Introverts, on the other hand, quickly feel drained by such interactions and need more time to themselves, which they draw strength from.

Introverts also find friendships and social interactions to be enriching, but they don’t need them as much and don’t experience them as a source of their energy. They prefer to spend time with their closest people in peace and in the exchange of opinions and topics of discussion that are important to them, whereas extroverts prefer to have more action, to do something exciting and they also enjoy spending their time in larger groups.

Extraverted (or extroverted) people have a more outgoing attitude and need social contacts to feel good. Without social exchange, extraverts wilt and feel depleted of energy. Pandemic lockdowns are very difficult, especially for such single extroverts. They often appear very energetic, adventurous and enthusiastic. They live for „the outside“ and usually have a strong sense of self-confidence and can quickly build trust in interpersonal relationships.

As the proverbial middle ground, there is the ambivert. Such people cannot classify themselves as fitting into the profile of the introvert or the extravert, and classify themselves as neither of the two „extremes.“ They are adaptable to different situations and their own natural way of being does not have to express itself necessarily. They have the ability to exhibit extraversion as well as introversion and are therefore, at least outwardly, more adaptable to different social interactions. They usually have better social skills and can still be very self-reflective. They have a good understanding of social situations and are often equally good at speaking, as well as listening. They are comfortable being alone, but also enjoy company and social interactions. Of the three above mentioned personality traits, these people are usually the most likeable because they are perceived as pleasant.

Fortunately, most people belong to the ambivert personality group.

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